The Forms: Basic One and Chon-Ji
Basic One is simply the first half of Chon Ji with a slight twist. On the eighth and final movement, the student is to KI-YUP!
Basic One Form
With Chon Ji, the student is to KI-YUP! on the 19th and final movement. Chon Ji in Korean means literally “Heaven and Earth”. It is, in the Orient, and according to the first book of the classic I Ching, which explained all processes of growth and change in the natural world, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner.
Chon Ji Form
This pattern consists of two similar parts–one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth. The downblock points to the Earth, and the inner forearm block points to Heaven. According to the ancient philosophers, the universe came into being through the interaction of two opposing elements which when combined formed the basic elements of matter in the universe. They conceived that nothing in this life is permanent, yet nothing is destroyed. This life is based on a changing changelessness, within which all aspects of reality possess the elements of their opposites. Many of the basic techniques of Tae Kwon Do are based on the interaction of opposite forces. When performing this pattern, the beginning student should concentrate on uniting his mind with his body, shelving all peripheral thoughts and striving to make his body movements flow as a continuation of the inner self. By learning to achieve these things he will gradually acquire the necessary self control and spiritual discipline required of a serious martial arts student. The concept of duality is first presented in the meaning of this form. Duality is the religious idea that God is responsible for both good and evil, and that for the world to function properly, both must be present. It is the idea of balance between opposites: black and white, good and evil, night and day, male and female, and so forth. It is this idea which is symbolically represented by the figure in the center of the Korean flag, the Taeguk. The Korean name of this yin yang symbol, “taeguk,” means “ultimacy.” 19 movements. A copy of the image below can be found here.